Brill’s New Pauly Supplements II - Volume 7 : Figures of Antiquity and their Reception in Art, Literature and Music

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Cleopatra
(9,609 words)

(Κλεοπάτρα/Kleopátra; Latin Cleopatra)

A. Historical dimension

C. VII Philopator (69–30 BC) was the last queen of the Egyptian Ptolemaic kingdom and hence also its last Pharaoh. The daughter of Ptolemy XII, she was born into the royal Hellenistic dynasty that traced its line back to the Macedonian Ptolemy I (a general of Alexander the Great). The epithet "Egyptian woman" used – mostly disparagingly – by Roman contemporaries is therefore historically incorrect [29.34]. She assumed the regency in 51 BC with her brother-husband Ptolemy XIII, ten years her junior. T…

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Marquardt, Jörg, “Cleopatra”, in: Brill’s New Pauly Supplements II - Volume 7 : Figures of Antiquity and their Reception in Art, Literature and Music, English edition by Chad M. Schroeder (2016). Original German-language edition: Historische Gestalten der Antike: Rezeption in Literatur, Kunst und Musik. Herausgegeben von Peter von Möllendorf, Annette Simonis und Linda Simonis. Serie: Der Neue Pauly Supplemente 2. Staffel, herausgegeben von Manfred Landfester und Helmuth Schneider, vol. 7. Stuttgart, Germany. Copyright © J.B. Metzlersche Verlagsbuchhandlung und Carl Ernst Poeschel Verlag GmbH (2013). Consulted online on 27 May 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2468-3418_bnps7_SIM_004667>
First published online: 2015
First print edition: 20160217



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