Brill’s New Pauly Supplements II - Volume 7 : Figures of Antiquity and their Reception in Art, Literature and Music

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Croesus
(2,222 words)

(Κροῖσος/Kroîsos; Latin Croesus)

A. Historical dimension

C. was the last king of Lydia (c. 560–547 BC), of the Mermnad Dynasty founded by the usurper Gyges. His expansionist policy led to the subjection even of Greek cities in Asia Minor, and he was ultimately defeated and probably killed (according to an uncertain interpolation in the Babylonian Nabonid Chronicle and the Armenian translation of Eusebius' Chronicle  [02.4–7]; [18.418–428]) by the Persian King Cyrus. He acquired his wealth, which was on display at Sardis, by the mining of gold and through commerce…

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Ambühl, Annemarie, “Croesus”, in: Brill’s New Pauly Supplements II - Volume 7 : Figures of Antiquity and their Reception in Art, Literature and Music, English edition by Chad M. Schroeder (2016). Original German-language edition: Historische Gestalten der Antike: Rezeption in Literatur, Kunst und Musik. Herausgegeben von Peter von Möllendorf, Annette Simonis und Linda Simonis. Serie: Der Neue Pauly Supplemente 2. Staffel, herausgegeben von Manfred Landfester und Helmuth Schneider, vol. 7. Stuttgart, Germany. Copyright © J.B. Metzlersche Verlagsbuchhandlung und Carl Ernst Poeschel Verlag GmbH (2013). Consulted online on 27 May 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2468-3418_bnps7_SIM_004669>
First published online: 2015
First print edition: 20160217



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