Brill’s New Pauly Supplements II - Volume 7 : Figures of Antiquity and their Reception in Art, Literature and Music

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Cyrus
(2,779 words)

(Old Persian Kūruš; Greek Κύρος/Kýros; Latin Cyrus)

A. Historical dimension

King Cyrus II ('the Great'), founder of the ancient Persian Empire, reigned from around 559 t0 530 BC. In the almost complete absence of authentic sources – only the C. Cylinder (see below, B.4.1.) and the 'Nabonid Chronicle' reflecting the conquest of Babylon in 539 BC; remains of the residence and tomb at Pasargadae – the Greek literary tradition has largely determined the subsequent view of C. As from Xenophon's Anábasis, C. 'the Younger' (c. 423–401 BC) was sometimes compared to his ancestor, C. II.

B. Recep…

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Ambühl, Annemarie, “Cyrus”, in: Brill’s New Pauly Supplements II - Volume 7 : Figures of Antiquity and their Reception in Art, Literature and Music, English edition by Chad M. Schroeder (2016). Original German-language edition: Historische Gestalten der Antike: Rezeption in Literatur, Kunst und Musik. Herausgegeben von Peter von Möllendorf, Annette Simonis und Linda Simonis. Serie: Der Neue Pauly Supplemente 2. Staffel, herausgegeben von Manfred Landfester und Helmuth Schneider, vol. 7. Stuttgart, Germany. Copyright © J.B. Metzlersche Verlagsbuchhandlung und Carl Ernst Poeschel Verlag GmbH (2013). Consulted online on 22 May 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2468-3418_bnps7_SIM_004670>
First published online: 2015
First print edition: 20160217



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