Brill’s New Pauly Supplements II - Volume 7 : Figures of Antiquity and their Reception in Art, Literature and Music

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Euclid
(2,241 words)

(Εὐκλείδης/Eukleídēs; Latin Euclides; Arabic Uqlīdis/Iqlīdis/Iqlīd)

A. Historical dimension

Little is known about the life of the Greek mathematician E. According to the philosopher Proclus, in his commentary on his works (5th cent. AD), he was younger than the immediate pupils of Plato, whose research he used, but older than Archimedes, who cited him (Procl. in Eukl. 1,68,6–20 Friedlein). Proclus recounts an anecdote of a meeting between E. and the Egyptian king Ptolemy (see below, B.2.1.), inferring from this that E. lived and worked in the…

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De Brasi, Diego, “Euclid”, in: Brill’s New Pauly Supplements II - Volume 7 : Figures of Antiquity and their Reception in Art, Literature and Music, English edition by Chad M. Schroeder (2016). Original German-language edition: Historische Gestalten der Antike: Rezeption in Literatur, Kunst und Musik. Herausgegeben von Peter von Möllendorf, Annette Simonis und Linda Simonis. Serie: Der Neue Pauly Supplemente 2. Staffel, herausgegeben von Manfred Landfester und Helmuth Schneider, vol. 7. Stuttgart, Germany. Copyright © J.B. Metzlersche Verlagsbuchhandlung und Carl Ernst Poeschel Verlag GmbH (2013). Consulted online on 23 October 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2468-3418_bnps7_SIM_004631>
First published online: 2015
First print edition: 20160217



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