Brill’s New Pauly Supplements II - Volume 7 : Figures of Antiquity and their Reception in Art, Literature and Music

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Leonidas
(4,292 words)

(Λεωνίδας/Leōnídas; Latin Leonidas)

A. Historical dimension

L. I (d. 480 BC), King of Sparta from 490 or 489 BC, became in history an exemplary figure of the heroic fight to the death. In 480, the coalition of Greek city-states chose him to take a small force to defend the pass of Thermopylae, the only crossing usable by an army between northern and central Greece, against the gigantic Persian army under the Great King Xerxes I. When the Persians succeeded in outflanking their position and bottling the Greeks up – according to the traditional story (Hdt. 7,213), Ep…

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Winkler, Markus, “Leonidas”, in: Brill’s New Pauly Supplements II - Volume 7 : Figures of Antiquity and their Reception in Art, Literature and Music, English edition by Chad M. Schroeder (2016). Original German-language edition: Historische Gestalten der Antike: Rezeption in Literatur, Kunst und Musik. Herausgegeben von Peter von Möllendorf, Annette Simonis und Linda Simonis. Serie: Der Neue Pauly Supplemente 2. Staffel, herausgegeben von Manfred Landfester und Helmuth Schneider, vol. 7. Stuttgart, Germany. Copyright © J.B. Metzlersche Verlagsbuchhandlung und Carl Ernst Poeschel Verlag GmbH (2013). Consulted online on 14 October 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2468-3418_bnps7_SIM_004672>
First published online: 2015
First print edition: 20160217



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