Brill’s New Pauly Supplements II - Volume 7 : Figures of Antiquity and their Reception in Art, Literature and Music

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Lycurgus
(3,281 words)

(Λυκοῦργος/Lykoûrgos; Latin Lycurgus)

A. Historical dimension

According to ancient tradition, L. was the founder of the political and social order of Sparta. He was held to be a great lawgiver, and was also venerated in cult. Even in Antiquity, however, his historical existence was doubted. There was also doubt, among those who thought him a historical figure, as to the period in which he lived. Plutarch offers a spectrum of possible dates in his biography of L., ranging from the time of the Heracleidae, i.e. mythical prehistory, to the 7th cent. BC (Plut. Lycurgus 1). There is also unc…

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Piepenbrink, Karen, “Lycurgus”, in: Brill’s New Pauly Supplements II - Volume 7 : Figures of Antiquity and their Reception in Art, Literature and Music, English edition by Chad M. Schroeder (2016). Original German-language edition: Historische Gestalten der Antike: Rezeption in Literatur, Kunst und Musik. Herausgegeben von Peter von Möllendorf, Annette Simonis und Linda Simonis. Serie: Der Neue Pauly Supplemente 2. Staffel, herausgegeben von Manfred Landfester und Helmuth Schneider, vol. 7. Stuttgart, Germany. Copyright © J.B. Metzlersche Verlagsbuchhandlung und Carl Ernst Poeschel Verlag GmbH (2013). Consulted online on 22 May 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2468-3418_bnps7_SIM_004674>
First published online: 2015
First print edition: 20160217



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