Brill’s New Pauly Supplements II - Volume 7 : Figures of Antiquity and their Reception in Art, Literature and Music

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Socrates
(7,802 words)

A. Historical dimension

(Σωκράτης/Sōkrátēs; Latin Socrates)

A. Historical dimension

The problem of the historical S. (c. 469–399 BC) is one of the most difficult in the history of ancient philosophy [12.13–15]; [22.]; [10.141 f.]. Accounts of his life are sketchy and of dubious value as sources. S. was born the son of the stonemason Sophroniscus and the midwife Phaenarete at Athens (Diog. Laert. 2,18; 2,44). Besides one son from his marriage to Xanthippe (Pl. Ap. 34 d; Pl. Phd. 116 b), he also had two other so…

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Renger, Almut-Barbara, “Socrates”, in: Brill’s New Pauly Supplements II - Volume 7 : Figures of Antiquity and their Reception in Art, Literature and Music, English edition by Chad M. Schroeder (2016). Original German-language edition: Historische Gestalten der Antike: Rezeption in Literatur, Kunst und Musik. Herausgegeben von Peter von Möllendorf, Annette Simonis und Linda Simonis. Serie: Der Neue Pauly Supplemente 2. Staffel, herausgegeben von Manfred Landfester und Helmuth Schneider, vol. 7. Stuttgart, Germany. Copyright © J.B. Metzlersche Verlagsbuchhandlung und Carl Ernst Poeschel Verlag GmbH (2013). Consulted online on 16 October 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2468-3418_bnps7_COM_004737>
First published online: 2015
First print edition: 20160217



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