Brill’s New Pauly Supplements II - Volume 7 : Figures of Antiquity and their Reception in Art, Literature and Music

Get access

Sophonisbe
(3,495 words)

(Σοφονίβα/Sophoníba; Latin Sophoniba)

A. Historical dimension

The Carthaginian queen Sophoniba (Carthaginian *Spnb'l / Saphanba'al = 'Baal has appointed'; 'Sophonisbe' after Antiquity), daughter of Hasdrubal (and niece of Hannibal), was married to the Numidian king Syphax in 205 BC, only for him to be defeated by Massinissa (Masinissa), king of the Massyilians or eastern Numidians, in 203. During the Second Punic War, Massinissa was on the Carthaginian side until 206 BC, but then became a Roman ally against Carthage. Ac…

Cite this page
Simonis, Annette, “Sophonisbe”, in: Brill’s New Pauly Supplements II - Volume 7 : Figures of Antiquity and their Reception in Art, Literature and Music, English edition by Chad M. Schroeder (2016). Original German-language edition: Historische Gestalten der Antike: Rezeption in Literatur, Kunst und Musik. Herausgegeben von Peter von Möllendorf, Annette Simonis und Linda Simonis. Serie: Der Neue Pauly Supplemente 2. Staffel, herausgegeben von Manfred Landfester und Helmuth Schneider, vol. 7. Stuttgart, Germany. Copyright © J.B. Metzlersche Verlagsbuchhandlung und Carl Ernst Poeschel Verlag GmbH (2013). Consulted online on 19 May 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2468-3418_bnps7_SIM_004757>
First published online: 2015
First print edition: 20160217



▲   Back to top   ▲