Brill’s New Pauly Supplements II - Volume 7 : Figures of Antiquity and their Reception in Art, Literature and Music

Get access

Spartacus
(2,711 words)

(Σπάρτακος/Spártakos; Latin Spartacus)

A. Historical dimension

The Thracian S. was enslaved after deserting from military service, and brought to Italy. "The Thracian mercenary became a soldier, the soldier a deserter, the deserter a bandit, and finally, when his strength was recognized, a gladiator" (Flor. Epit. 2,8,8; cf. App. B Civ. 1,116/539). After escaping from the Roman gladiatorial school at Capua, he and his companion Crixus became leaders of a rapidly-growing army of escaped slaves and free …

Cite this page
Eigler, Ulrich, “Spartacus”, in: Brill’s New Pauly Supplements II - Volume 7 : Figures of Antiquity and their Reception in Art, Literature and Music, English edition by Chad M. Schroeder (2016). Original German-language edition: Historische Gestalten der Antike: Rezeption in Literatur, Kunst und Musik. Herausgegeben von Peter von Möllendorf, Annette Simonis und Linda Simonis. Serie: Der Neue Pauly Supplemente 2. Staffel, herausgegeben von Manfred Landfester und Helmuth Schneider, vol. 7. Stuttgart, Germany. Copyright © J.B. Metzlersche Verlagsbuchhandlung und Carl Ernst Poeschel Verlag GmbH (2013). Consulted online on 26 May 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2468-3418_bnps7_SIM_004758>
First published online: 2015
First print edition: 20160217



▲   Back to top   ▲