Brill’s New Pauly Supplements II - Volume 7 : Figures of Antiquity and their Reception in Art, Literature and Music

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Xanthippe
(5,253 words)

(Ξανθίππη/Xanthíppē; Latin Xanthippe)

A. Historical dimension

The ancient sources offer a very superficial and distorted picture of X., the wife of the Athenian philosopher Socrates, whose name indicates an aristocratic lineage. She was probably somewhat younger than her husband, by whom she had (at least) one son, Lamprocles. She stood by Socrates' side in the city prison before his execution (Pl. Phd. 60 a). Antisthenes calls X. the "most irksome" or "most difficult" woman (c halepōtátē) ever to walk the earth past, present or future (Xen. Symp. 2,10). The anecdote…

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Strobl, Wolfgang, “Xanthippe”, in: Brill’s New Pauly Supplements II - Volume 7 : Figures of Antiquity and their Reception in Art, Literature and Music, English edition by Chad M. Schroeder (2016). Original German-language edition: Historische Gestalten der Antike: Rezeption in Literatur, Kunst und Musik. Herausgegeben von Peter von Möllendorf, Annette Simonis und Linda Simonis. Serie: Der Neue Pauly Supplemente 2. Staffel, herausgegeben von Manfred Landfester und Helmuth Schneider, vol. 7. Stuttgart, Germany. Copyright © J.B. Metzlersche Verlagsbuchhandlung und Carl Ernst Poeschel Verlag GmbH (2013). Consulted online on 22 May 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2468-3418_bnps7_SIM_004786>
First published online: 2015
First print edition: 20160217



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