Brill’s New Pauly Supplements II - Volume 7 : Figures of Antiquity and their Reception in Art, Literature and Music

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Xerxes
(2,865 words)

(Ξέρξης/Xérxēs; Old Persian Hšayāŗšā or Xšayāršā; Hebrew Achašweroš or Ahasveros; Latin Xerxes)

A. Historical dimension

The image that prevails today of the Persian Great King X. I (519–465 BC), the son of Darius I and Atossa who reigned from 486 BC until his death, is dominated by his campaigns against Greece. After putting down rebellions in 484 or 482 (dating uncertain [11.249]) in Egypt (Hdt. 7,5; 7,7) and Babylon (Hdt. 1,183), X. in 480/79 embarked on campaigns against the Greeks, following on from the Battle of Marathon (490 BC) fought and lost by …

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Gödde, Susanne, “Xerxes”, in: Brill’s New Pauly Supplements II - Volume 7 : Figures of Antiquity and their Reception in Art, Literature and Music, English edition by Chad M. Schroeder (2016). Original German-language edition: Historische Gestalten der Antike: Rezeption in Literatur, Kunst und Musik. Herausgegeben von Peter von Möllendorf, Annette Simonis und Linda Simonis. Serie: Der Neue Pauly Supplemente 2. Staffel, herausgegeben von Manfred Landfester und Helmuth Schneider, vol. 7. Stuttgart, Germany. Copyright © J.B. Metzlersche Verlagsbuchhandlung und Carl Ernst Poeschel Verlag GmbH (2013). Consulted online on 22 May 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2468-3418_bnps7_SIM_004787>
First published online: 2015
First print edition: 20160217



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