Brill’s New Pauly Supplements II - Volume 8 : The Reception of Antiquity in Renaissance Humanism

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Ethnography
(2,497 words)

A. Concept and ancient origins

The term E., from the Greek éthnos ('people', 'nation') and gráphein ('to write'), denotes the description of ethnic groups or cultures. The neologism (Ethnographie in German) is traced back to the Göttingen scholars Johann Christoph Gatterer (Prof. Ord. in history at Göttingen University) and August Ludwig Schlözer. Schlözer made the first use of the word in 1772, before Gatterer in 1775 declared E., in the sense of Völkerkunde (the 'study of peoples'), to be one of the four constituent elements of geography. In 1783, the Slovak hi…

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Gareis, Iris (Frankfurt am Main), “Ethnography”, in: Brill’s New Pauly Supplements II - Volume 8 : The Reception of Antiquity in Renaissance Humanism, English edition by Chad M. Schroeder (2017). Original German-language edition: Renaissance-Humanismus. Herausgegeben von Manfred Landfester. Serie: Der Neue Pauly Supplemente 2. Staffel, herausgegeben von Manfred Landfester und Helmuth Schneider, vol. 9. Stuttgart, Germany. Copyright © J.B. Metzlersche Verlagsbuchhandlung und Carl Ernst Poeschel Verlag GmbH (2014). Consulted online on 14 October 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2468-3418_bnps8_SIM_004864>
First published online: 2015



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