Brill’s New Pauly Supplements II - Volume 9 : The Early Mediterranean World, 1200–600 BC

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2.3.12. North Central Apennines: Umbria
(2,431 words)

A. Location, name and language

[German source]

According to the ancient authors (earliest testimony in Hdt. 1,94,6; 4,49,2), the territory settled by the Umbrians straddled the Central Apennines [2019–40]; [116–24]; [1517–44]. While the western portion between the Tiber and the mountain chain, and especially between  Città di Castello/Tifernum Tiberinum in the north and  Otricoli/Ocriculum in the south, may be regarded as a heartland of sorts, the eas…

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Amann, Petra, “2.3.12. North Central Apennines: Umbria”, in: Brill’s New Pauly Supplements II - Volume 9 : The Early Mediterranean World, 1200–600 BC, English edition by John N. Dillon; Translated by Duncan A. Smart (2018). Original German-language edition: Frühgeschichte der Mittelmeerkulturen: Historisch-archäologisches Handbuch. Herausgegeben von Anna-Maria Wittke. Serie: Der Neue Pauly Supplemente 2. Staffel, herausgegeben von Manfred Landfester und Helmuth Schneider, vol. 10. Stuttgart, Germany. Copyright © J.B. Metzlersche Verlagsbuchhandlung und Carl Ernst Poeschel Verlag GmbH (2015). Consulted online on 23 October 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2468-3418_bnps9_COM_006043>
First published online: 2017
First print edition: 20180517



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