Brill’s New Pauly Supplements II - Volume 9 : The Early Mediterranean World, 1200–600 BC

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2.7.3. Phoenician cities
(9,981 words)

A. Name and geography

[German source]

To the Greeks, Phoinikḗ (‘Phoenicia’) was a section of the Levantine coast and its inhabitants were Phoínikes. The name first appears in the Homeric epics (Hom. Il. 23,744; Hom. Od. 4,83; 13,272 et al.) [106]. Etymologically, it derives from the Greek phoînix [106]; [11310], presumably in the sense of ‘purple’ or ‘crimson’, in reference either to the complexion of the Levantine seafarers or to the  purple dye that was one of …

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Sader, Hélène, “2.7.3. Phoenician cities”, in: Brill’s New Pauly Supplements II - Volume 9 : The Early Mediterranean World, 1200–600 BC, English edition by John N. Dillon; Translated by Duncan A. Smart (2018). Original German-language edition: Frühgeschichte der Mittelmeerkulturen: Historisch-archäologisches Handbuch. Herausgegeben von Anna-Maria Wittke. Serie: Der Neue Pauly Supplemente 2. Staffel, herausgegeben von Manfred Landfester und Helmuth Schneider, vol. 10. Stuttgart, Germany. Copyright © J.B. Metzlersche Verlagsbuchhandlung und Carl Ernst Poeschel Verlag GmbH (2015). Consulted online on 21 May 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2468-3418_bnps9_COM_008222>
First published online: 2017
First print edition: 20180517



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