Brill’s New Pauly Supplements II - Volume 9 : The Early Mediterranean World, 1200–600 BC

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2.7.5. Israel
(2,034 words)

A. Name and geography

[German source]

The name Israel (Egyptian ysrʾr, Moabite yšrʾl, Assyrian Sir-ʾi-la-a-a [51200]; Hebrew Yiśrȧ’ẹl) is first attested in an inscription of Pharaoh  Merneptah (1224–1205/1213–1204/03) on his  ‘Israel Stela’ (1209) [52168–171], and it serves here as an ethnonym (although it may at the same time also be a geographical term referring to Mount Ephraim) [1758 f.]; [137–43]. There is no agreement on the meaning of the name [51200]. This evidence puts Israel in Mount …

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Niehr, Herbert, “2.7.5. Israel”, in: Brill’s New Pauly Supplements II - Volume 9 : The Early Mediterranean World, 1200–600 BC, English edition by John N. Dillon; Translated by Duncan A. Smart (2018). Original German-language edition: Frühgeschichte der Mittelmeerkulturen: Historisch-archäologisches Handbuch. Herausgegeben von Anna-Maria Wittke. Serie: Der Neue Pauly Supplemente 2. Staffel, herausgegeben von Manfred Landfester und Helmuth Schneider, vol. 10. Stuttgart, Germany. Copyright © J.B. Metzlersche Verlagsbuchhandlung und Carl Ernst Poeschel Verlag GmbH (2015). Consulted online on 11 December 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2468-3418_bnps9_COM_008484>
First published online: 2017
First print edition: 20180517



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