Brill’s New Pauly Supplements II - Volume 9 : The Early Mediterranean World, 1200–600 BC

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3.7.2. Early sciences
(3,815 words)

A. Definitions

[German source]

‘Science’ today is understood to mean the systematic process of acquiring knowledge of natural and social phenomena and organizing that knowledge on the basis of theoretically generalizable principles. Modern science is based on ‘reason’ and ‘empiricism’ and has emancipated itself from religion and, largely, from philosophy. At its heart is the modern scientist equipped with a local and relative capaci…

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Patzek, Barbara, “3.7.2. Early sciences”, in: Brill’s New Pauly Supplements II - Volume 9 : The Early Mediterranean World, 1200–600 BC, English edition by John N. Dillon; Translated by Duncan A. Smart (2018). Original German-language edition: Frühgeschichte der Mittelmeerkulturen: Historisch-archäologisches Handbuch. Herausgegeben von Anna-Maria Wittke. Serie: Der Neue Pauly Supplemente 2. Staffel, herausgegeben von Manfred Landfester und Helmuth Schneider, vol. 10. Stuttgart, Germany. Copyright © J.B. Metzlersche Verlagsbuchhandlung und Carl Ernst Poeschel Verlag GmbH (2015). Consulted online on 22 October 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/2468-3418_bnps9_COM_009915>
First published online: 2017
First print edition: 20180517



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