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Absolutio
(227 words)

[German version]

in Roman court proceedings is the opposite of ‘condemnation’ ( condemnatio ). In civil proceedings the formula in which the praetors set down the programme for the iudex ends stereotypically with the judicial command ... condemnato. Si non paret, absolvito. Both absolutio and condemnatio were final and absolute, in other words the decision -- apart from the special case of  appellatio -- was irrevocable, the dispute was definitively concluded and the exceptio rei iudicatae (demurrer of legal force) stood in the way of a new action. The saying omnia iudicia absolutor…

Cite this page
Schiemann, Gottfried (Tübingen), “Absolutio”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 24 May 2022 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1574-9347_bnp_e101220>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510



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