(Abū Bakr). First of the four righteous caliphs (AD 632-34), i. e. the first successor of Muhammad. As one of the latter's first followers and close advisor, A. became caliph after his death though not without opposition ( Ali). After subduing the apostasy movement he is credited with the initial consolidation of the young Islamic community and laid the foundation for its rapid initial expansion.
Schönig, Hanne (Halle/Saale)
W. M. Watt, Abū Bakr, in: EI2 I, 109b-111a.
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Schönig, Hanne (Halle/Saale),
“Abu Bakr”, in:
Brill’s New Pauly
, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry.
Consulted online on 31 May 2023 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1574-9347_bnp_e101360>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510