Brill’s New Pauly

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(2,497 words)

[German version]

[1] Myth Hero from Greek mythology

(Ἀχιλλεύς, Ἀχιλεύς [Achil(l)eús], Etruscan Αχλε [Achle], Latin Achilles).

[German version]

A. Etymology

We still lack a reliable explanation of A.'s name, which is presumably of pre-Greek origin. Explanations from antiquity vary: Schol. Il. 1,1 derives the name from the ‘sorrow’ (áchos) caused by A. to the Trojans (i.e. the ‘Ilians’). Another explanation (e.g. Tzetzes, Lycoph. 178) derives the name from χεῖλος (cheîlos; ‘lip’…

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Sigel, Dorothea (Tübingen), Ley, Anne (Xanten) and Bleckmann, Bruno (Strasbourg), “Achilles”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 10 June 2023 <>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510

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