Brill’s New Pauly

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Achilles
(2,497 words)

[German version]

[1] Myth Hero from Greek mythology

(Ἀχιλλεύς, Ἀχιλεύς [Achil(l)eús], Etruscan Αχλε [Achle], Latin Achilles).

[German version]

A. Etymology

We still lack a reliable explanation of A.'s name, which is presumably of pre-Greek origin. Explanations from antiquity vary: Schol. Il. 1,1 derives the name from the ‘sorrow’ (áchos) caused by A. to the Trojans (i.e. the ‘Ilians’). Another explanation (e.g. Tzetzes, Lycoph. 178) derives the name from χεῖλος (cheîlos…

Cite this page
Sigel, Dorothea (Tübingen), Ley, Anne (Xanten) and Bleckmann, Bruno (Strasbourg), “Achilles”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 14 October 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1574-9347_bnp_e102220>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510



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