Myth Hero from Greek mythology
(Ἀχιλλεύς, Ἀχιλεύς [Achil(l)eús], Etruscan Αχλε [Achle], Latin Achilles).
We still lack a reliable explanation of A.'s name, which is presumably of pre-Greek origin. Explanations from antiquity vary: Schol. Il. 1,1 derives the name from the ‘sorrow’ (áchos) caused by A. to the Trojans (i.e. the ‘Ilians’). Another explanation (e.g. Tzetzes, Lycoph. 178) derives the name from χεῖλος (cheîlos; ‘lip’…