(Alī). Ali ben Abu Talib, last of the four righteous caliphs (AD 656-661). Cousin, son-in-law and one of the first followers of Muhammad. After differences in opinion and struggles with the Omayyad Muāwiya, the Kharijites, who eventually assassinated A., separated. Shiites believe A. is the first rightful successor of Mohammed, the first Caliph Imam.
V. Vaglieri, Alī b. Abī Ṭālib, in: EI 1, 381b-386a.
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Schönig, Hanne (Halle/Saale),
Brill’s New Pauly
, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry.
Consulted online on 05 August 2021 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1574-9347_bnp_e114910>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510