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Anaxarchus
(169 words)

[German version]

(᾿Ανάξαρχος, Anáxarchos) of Abdera. Democritean philosopher ( Democriteans, c. 380-320 BC). He accompanied Alexander the Great on his campaign to the East. After Alexander's death, A. was taken prisoner and then pounded to death in a mortar by Nicocreon, the tyrant of Salamis on Cyprus, with whom he had quarrelled. In the ancient records, A.'s attitude towards Alexander the Great wavers between adoration and irony. A. was the author of a treatise Περὶ βασιλείας (Perì basileías), of which only two fragments are preserved (fr. 65-66). The assessments of h…

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Dorandi, Tiziano (Paris), “Anaxarchus”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 26 January 2021 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1574-9347_bnp_e120540>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510



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