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(648 words)

(Ἀναχιμένης; Anaximénēs).

[German version]

[1] Nature philosopher, 6th cent. BC

Nature philosopher of 6th cent. BC, last representative of the  Milesian School.

Although the arche (ἀρχή; archḗ) is unlimited with A. as with  Anaximander, it is specified as air. Air envelops the world, and a part of this is a component of the world. A. developed the first, still rudimentary theory of metamorphosis: in densifying (πύκνωσις; pýknōsis) and ephemeralizing processes (μάν…

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Bodnár, István (Budapest) and Weißenberger, Michael (Greifswald), “Anaximenes”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 23 January 2022 <>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510

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