is the formalised notice of a witness, associated with a tweak of the ear (Plin. HN 11,103), before the permitted use of force by the plaintiff against a defendant who does not comply with the in ius vocatio and does not offer any vindex. Antestatio is attested for the Twelve Tables (1. 1); it became superfluous, and yet was apparently retained, on introduction of the standard procedural litis denuntiatio . -- Antestatus is a mancipatio witness, CIL 6.10239. Vocatio in ius; Denuntiatio
Wieacker, RRG, 448.