(ἀνθύπατος; anthýpatos). Translation of Latin proconsul or consularis, initially an official title of provincial governors, later of the heads of the civilian administration in military themes, and after the 9th cent. a high, non-purchasable court title without office.
R. Guilland, Recherches sur les institutions byzantines II, 1967, 68-79
R. J. Lilie, s. v. A., LMA 1, 702.
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Makris, Georgios (Bochum),
Brill’s New Pauly
, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry.
Consulted online on 12 June 2021 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1574-9347_bnp_e123790>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510