Brill’s New Pauly

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(224 words)

[German version]

All manner of servants could be called apparitores (from apparere = to appear -- on command). In the public sphere apparitores specifically referred to the free and unfree servants of a magistrate, who (as opposed to the officiales) appeared as aids in official acts.

In the Republican period apparitores accompanied consuls and praetors as  lictores with  fasces as symbols of the imperium (Liv. 9,46,2) and served magistrates as scribes, record officials and account keepers (scribae, librarii), criers (praecones), messengers (viatores), ‘assistants’ (accensi) as…

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Gizewski, Christian (Berlin), “Apparitores”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 22 September 2021 <>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510

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