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Arabic
(361 words)

[German version]

In contrast to  Ancient Southern Arabian, this is in fact Northern Arabic; it belongs to the northern branch of the Semitic languages. (Northern) Arabic personal names are found in Assyrian cuneiform sources from the 9th cent. onwards, with contemporaneous seals and short inscriptions in proto-Arabic script. Diverse early Northern Arabic dialects are written in modified Ancient Southern Arabian scripts (graffiti and tomb monument inscriptions), so  Thamudic (6th cent. BC - 4th cent. AD; inscriptions from Teima), Ṣafaitic (1st cent. BC - 3rd cen…

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Müller-Kessler, Christa (Emskirchen), “Arabic”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 20 June 2021 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1574-9347_bnp_e131050>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510



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