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Arabic-Islamic Cultural Sphere, The
(10,866 words)

I. The Near East (CT)

[German version]

A. Origin and Development of the Arabic-Islamic Cultural Sphere (CT)

In a power vacuum between Byzantium and Persia, the prophet Mohammed founded a new theocratic and militant state on the Arabian peninsula in 622. Within less than a century, it extended from the Atlantic Ocean to the Indus. These conquests were facilitated by mild taxation laws and tolerant religious policies: Jews and Christian…

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Strohmaier, Gotthard (Berlin RWG) and Toral-Niehoff, Isabel (Freiburg), “Arabic-Islamic Cultural Sphere, The”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 05 July 2022 <>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510

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