Brill’s New Pauly

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(897 words)

[German version]

Of the genus of arthropods, only the two orders of web-spiders (Araneae; spiders) and scorpions were commonly known in Antiquity. The third order, that of the very poisonous barrel spiders (Solifugae/Solpugida), a scourge in Arabia and tropical Africa (Agatharchides mare Eythraeum 59 = GGM 151), was apparently found only in Greece (φαλάγγια/phalángia) and Spain (salpugae, Plin. HN 29,92). Plin. HN 29,87 [1. 36 f.] makes a clear distinction between two types. Of the fourth order, mites (Acari), only the castor-bean tick (ricinus = tick, Ixodes ricinus L.) is signi…

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Hünemörder, Christian (Hamburg), “Arachnids”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 28 November 2021 <>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510

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