Brill’s New Pauly

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(114 words)

[German version]

(Ἀριαῖος; Ariaîos). Friend and troop commander of  Cyrus the younger at Cunaxa (Xen. An. 1,7,5; 9,31; 10,1; Oec. 4,18 f.; Plut. Artax. 11), who was offered the Persian crown by the Greeks after the death of Cyrus; A. declined (Xen. An. 2,2,1). He changed to  Tissaphernes' side shortly after the Greek commanders were taken prisoner and possibly aided him in his conspiracy against Artaxerxes II (Xen. An. 2,5,35). In 395 BC, A. was the satrap of Phrygia and involved in Tissaphernes' murder (Diod. Sic. 14,80,6-8; Polyaenus, Strat. 7,16,1; Hell. Oxy. 13,19,39).

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Kuhrt, Amélie (London) and Sancisi-Weerdenburg, Helen (Utrecht), “Ariaeus”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 07 August 2020 <>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510

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