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Artapanus
(130 words)

[German version]

In the 3rd-2nd cents. BC, A. wrote a ‘Moses novel’ in Egypt (Euseb. Praep. evang. 9,18. 23. 27).  Abraham (astrology), Joseph (agriculture, measures), and  Moses are portrayed as the first inventors. Egypt owes all cultural achievements and the animal cult to Moses, who is identified with Hermes-Thot and Musaeus. Despite certain ‘syncretist’ traits, A. is a Jewish apologist. In his summary of Ex 1-17, A. emphasizes Moses' superiority to Pharao and to Egyptian magicians through miracle tales; he assumes traits of Hellenistic enlightenment (euhemerism).

 Alexande…

Cite this page
Schwemer, Anna Maria (Tübingen), “Artapanus”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 25 November 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1574-9347_bnp_e201850>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510



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