(Ἀρτυστόνη; Artystóne, Elamite Irtašduna). Daughter of Cyrus II, favourite wife of Darius I, mother of Arsames and Gobryas. Darius had a golden statue made of her (Hdt. 7.69). She owned extensive property in Persis (Kukkannakan, Randu), which she administered herself. Elamite administrative documents from Persepolis are sealed with her seal; A. is also mentioned there together with her son Arsames.
M. Brosius, Royal and Non-royal Women in Achaemenid Persia, 1996, 81, 125-127.
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Kuhrt, Amélie (London) and
Sancisi-Weerdenburg, Helen (Utrecht),
Brill’s New Pauly
, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry.
Consulted online on 07 August 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1574-9347_bnp_e202660>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510