The Roman fraternity of the Arvales fratres (AF) consisted of twelve priests of senatorial rank who were co-opted to their office for life. At the head of the collegium was a magister elected annually, who each year was aided by a flamen. It appears from their names (Varro, Ling. 5,85) as well as from the rites carried out by them that the duties of the AF were connected to the fertility of the fields They celebrated the cult of the Dea Dia and maintained her grove which was situated about 7-8 km west of…
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Scheid, John (Paris),
“Arvales fratres”, in:
Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry.
Consulted online on 22 July 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1574-9347_bnp_e202720>