Brill’s New Pauly

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(5,492 words)

[German version]

A. Extent, definition and term

Astronomy is the description, causal justification and forecast of celestial phenomena, the latter on the basis of repeatable and repeated observations or calculations based on these -- and periods derived from them. In Greece astronomy originally comprised all the μετέωρα (metéōra, celestial bodies; Thales fr. A 2; Gorgias fr. B 11, 13 DK), at the latest since Aristotle the metéōra conceived as sublunary were largely excluded. Besides, …

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Krafft, Fritz (Marburg/Lahn) and Hunger, Hermann (Vienna), “Astronomy”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 26 June 2022 <>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510

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