(Ἀθύρας; Athýras). Small river, which flows into the Propontis west of Byzantium, today Kara-su (Plin. HN 4,47; according to Ptol. 3,11,4 several branches). In the late Roman era, the fortified harbour settlement (Amm. Marc. 22,8,8) was restored by Justinian (Procop. Aed. 4,8,18). The fortified stone bridge, which was destroyed by Krum in 812, was famous.
V. Zlatarski, Istorija na bălgarskata dăržava prez srednite vekove 1,1, 21994, 275.
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von Bredow, Iris (Bietigheim-Bissingen),
Brill’s New Pauly
, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry.
Consulted online on 24 November 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1574-9347_bnp_e206220>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510