Brill’s New Pauly

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Bacchus
(1,417 words)

(βάκχος; bákchos).

[German version]

I. Greece

[German version]

A. Mystes

Βάκχος, βακχεύειν [1] (Bákchos/bakcheúein) and related words refer to a type of raving (μανία, manía) predominantly expressed in the Dionysus cult ([1] where we also find a discussion about the word's origin; Hdt. 4,79). This essential characteristic of a Bacchus/Baccha was taken as a sign that he or she was possessed by the god (ἔνθεος, éntheos). The Bacchus/Baccha usually wore a thyrsus (or bakchos see below) and the skin of a deer (νεβρίς, nebrís). Although the thyr…

Cite this page
Clinton, Kevin (Ithaca N. Y.) and Scheid, John (Paris), “Bacchus”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 17 July 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1574-9347_bnp_brill000150>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510



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