Brill’s New Pauly

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I. Ancient Orient

Banks as institutions whose specific task consists of arranging payment transactions, accepting deposits and granting credits, did not exist in the Ancient Orient. There is evidence of deposit and credit operations in ancient oriental societies of differing quantity and intensity, both in the domain of palace and temple economy and in individual private legal and economic transactions, but they were always subord…

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Neumann, Hans (Berlin), Schmitz, Winfried (Bielefeld) and Andreau, Jean (Paris), “Banks”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 09 August 2020 <>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510

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