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Basileus
(3,191 words)

(βασιλεύς; basileús).

I. Mycenaean period up to the Hellenistic Monarchies

[German version]

A. Mycenaean

The word basileus has not yet been sufficiently explained etymologically. It is usually translated as ‘king’ and probably stems from the pre-Hellenistic substratum.

The Mycenaean form qa-si-re-u is evidently identical to βασιλεύς, but instead of designating the sovereign of a kingdom (he holds the title of wa-na-ka), it refers to a considerably lower position. Qa-si-re-u and …

Cite this page
Carlier, Pierre (Nancy) and Tinnefeld, Franz (Munich), “Basileus”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 23 September 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1574-9347_bnp_e213150>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510



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