Brill’s New Pauly

Get access

Baṣra
(295 words)

[German version]

(Τερηδών/Terēdṓn, Ptol. 5,19,5; Ἰρίδωτις/Irídōtis or Διρίδωτις/Dirídōtis, Arr. Ind. 41,6). Arabian city in lower Mesopotamia, 420 km south-east of Baghdad on the Šaṭṭ al-Arab (combined course of the Euphrates [2] and Tigris shortly before their mouth). Although B. lies at the site of the Persian settlement of Vahištābāḏ Ardašer (preceded perhaps by ancient Diridotis/Iridotis or Teredon), it is essentially a new foundation originating during the period of the Arab conquest (AD 635), and like  Kūfa developed from a military encampment. Besides lying at …

Cite this page
Toral-Niehoff, Isabel (Freiburg), “Baṣra”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 25 August 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1574-9347_bnp_e12220230>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510



▲   Back to top   ▲