Brill’s New Pauly

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[German version]

A. Early history

(Arab bait-laḥm; Βητλέεμ (Bētléem; NT); Βαιτλεεμ (Baitleem; LXX); Βητλέμα, Βηθλεέμη (Bētléma, Bēthleémē; Ios.); Hebrew bēt-leẹm ‘House of Bread’); located about 8 km south of Jerusalem on the important communication route between Jerusalem and Hebron on fertile land at the edge of the desert. The interpretation of the place name as a derivation from a goddess named Lachama is …

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Köckert, Matthias (Berlin) and Pahlitzsch, Johannes (Berlin), “Bethlehem”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 14 August 2022 <>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510

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