(βιαίων δίκη; biaíōn díkē). A private action that could be brought in Athens against robbery, rape of a free person (male or female), or abduction of a free person for the purpose of illicit sexual relations. In the 6th cent. BC Solon had established a monetary fine for this offence; later, on grounds of public interest, the fine paid to the injured party was accompanied by one of the same amount to the state.
D. Cohen, Law, violence, and community in classical Athens, 1995.
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Thür, Gerhard (Graz),
“Biaion dike”, in:
Brill’s New Pauly
, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry.
Consulted online on 22 January 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1574-9347_bnp_e216430>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510