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Bithynia et Pontus
(1,011 words)

[German version]

A. Roman period

Roman double province (after Diocletian, 284-305, only Bithynia) with  Nicomedia as its capital. In 74 BC the death of Nicomedes IV [2;7]; M. Iunius Iuncus, proconsul Asiae, is given the task of securing the kingdom as a Roman province; in the autumn of 74 the province of Bithynia is conferred upon the incumbent consul M.  Aurelius Cotta and Asia and B. established as a unitary customs zone (SEG 39, 1180 = AE 1989, 681 [1;4]). The 3rd Mithridatic war began in early 73 …

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Strobel, Karl (Klagenfurt) and Makris, Georgios (Bochum), “Bithynia et Pontus”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 07 July 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1574-9347_bnp_e217940>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510



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