Brill’s New Pauly

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(585 words)

[German version]

A person's property; the exact meaning depends on the context. In one sense, bona means the totality of goods in a person's possession, while the legal right to possession may be another matter: with naturalis appellatio bonorum, deriving etymologically from the word beare = to make happy, which is relevant for the fee-liable missio in bonis and venditio bonorum, possession is unrestricted (Ulp. Dig. 50,16,49). More tightly defined and restricted, on the other hand, is possession in terms of civilis appellatio bonorum; this means possession only as  dominium (Ulp. l…

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Schanbacher, Dietmar (Dresden), “Bona”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 26 March 2023 <>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510

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