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Bricks; Brick stamps
(1,288 words)

[German version]

I. Ancient Orient

In Egypt and the Near East, the history of the brick and its predecessor, the mud brick, dates back to the 8th/7th millennia BC. The raw material was generally a local mixture from clay/loam and sand/gravel, in Egypt the silt deposits of the Nile. The mixture, made lean through the addition of vegetal (chopped) straw, chaff, mineral (crushed stones or potsherds) or waste material (animal dung), was shaped in…

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Wartke, Ralf-B. (Berlin) and Höcker, Christoph (Kissing), “Bricks; Brick stamps”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 12 August 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1574-9347_bnp_e12217140>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510



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