Brill’s New Pauly

Get access

Britannia
(1,099 words)

[German version]

A. Name

Originally the island was known as Albion (Avien. Ora maritima 108f. probably goes back to Pytheas, c. 325 BC). In the oldest Greek sources, B. appears as Βρεταννικαὶ νῆσοι (Bretannikaì nêsoi) and the inhabitants as Βρεττανοί (Brettanoí, Str. 2,1,18; 2,5,12). In Latin authors the form B. is common from the 1st cent. BC (Caes. B Gall. 2,4,7ff.; 4,20ff.; 5,2ff.; Cic. Fam. 7,6ff.). The general term for the island was coined by classical authors [1].

Cite this page
Todd, Malcolm (Exeter), “Britannia”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 18 July 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1574-9347_bnp_e220210>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510



▲   Back to top   ▲