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Bull cults
(379 words)

[German version]

I. Mesopotamia

In historical times, bull cults were of no significance in the religions of Mesopotamia which were mainly anthropomorphic in character. Enlil was metaphorically referred to as a bull, and the roaring of the weather god Hadad compared to the bellowing of a bull. The fact that bulls (and other animals) served as pedestals for the statues of gods (in Syria-Palestine and Hittite Anatolia) is no argument for an actual bull cult. The 'golden calves' in Ex 32 and 1 …

Cite this page
Renger, Johannes (Berlin) and von Lieven, Alexandra (Berlin), “Bull cults”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 21 October 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1574-9347_bnp_e1123110>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510



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