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Bureaucracy
(1,086 words)

[German version]

I. General

The term bureaucracy has no roots in the political terminology of antiquity, but is a modern French-Greek hybrid formation (Old Fr. ‘bure’, ‘burrel’ from Lat. burra). Bureaucracy refers -- also in a critical sense -- to specific organizational structures of modern states [1]. As an ‘ideal type’ in Max Weber's definition, bureaucracy in general terms refers to a special form of legal rulership: its rulers employ officials in their administration, who…

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Gizewski, Christian (Berlin) and Rhodes, Peter J. (Durham), “Bureaucracy”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 03 April 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1574-9347_bnp_e221200>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510



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