Name of a plebeian gens (probably derived from Caeculus, older form is Caicilios, Greek Καικίλιος, Κεκίλιος [Kaikílios, Kekílios]; ThlL, Onom. 12-14), whose existence is documented since the 5th cent. (since C. [I 1]), but who only gained importance in the 2nd cent.; their most famous branch were the C. Metelli (I 10-32). A later explanation related the name back to Caeculus, the legendary founder of Praeneste, or Caecas, a companion of Aeneas (Fest. p. 38).
Cite this pageElvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum), Will, Wolfgang (Bonn), Eck, Werner (Cologne), Giaro, Tomasz (Frankfurt/Main), Schmidt, Peter L. (Constance), Kaster, Robert A. (Princeton), Andreau, Jean (Paris), Weißenberger, Michael (Greifswald) and Blänsdorf, Jürgen (Mainz), “Caecilius”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 22 January 2021 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1574-9347_bnp_e222580>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510
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