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Calceus
(275 words)

[German version]

Roman shoe or half-boot made of leather that was probably adopted from the Etruscans and was part of the clothing (vestis forensis) of the noble Roman citizen. If a member of the nobility dressed in other shoes in public, he would be criticized (Suet.Tib. 13; an exception was the dress for the banquet at which people wore the solla; Hor. Sat. 2,8,77; Mart. 3,50,3; Suet. Vit. 2). In Roman literature and art the calceus was represented in many ways; three variants can be distinguished that at the same time served to differentiate between social ranks. Th…

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Hurschmann, Rolf (Hamburg), “Calceus”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 20 November 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1574-9347_bnp_e224650>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510



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