Brill’s New Pauly

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(4,567 words)

A. Basic Principles

[German version]

1. Term

Calendar developed its modern meaning in post-antiquity from the Latin word for ‘debt register’ ( Calendarium ). In the following, the term is taken as an element of  chronography within a culture which attempts to describe or regulate annual periodicities. Typically, a day represents the smallest unit of a calendar ( Clocks).

[German version]

2. Social Construction of Time

Hunting and farming bo…

Cite this page
Rüpke, Jörg (Erfurt) and Freydank, Helmut (Potsdam), “Calendar”, in: Brill’s New Pauly, Antiquity volumes edited by: Hubert Cancik and , Helmuth Schneider, English Edition by: Christine F. Salazar, Classical Tradition volumes edited by: Manfred Landfester, English Edition by: Francis G. Gentry. Consulted online on 10 May 2021 <>
First published online: 2006
First print edition: 9789004122598, 20110510

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